Bitcoin is the first successful internet money based on peer-to-peer technology; whereby no central bank or authority is involved in the transaction and production of the Bitcoin currency. It was created by an anonymous individual/group under the name, Satoshi Nakamoto. The source code is available publicly as an open source project, anybody can look at it and be part of the developmental process. Bitcoin is changing the way we see money as we speak. The idea was to produce a means of exchange, independent of any central authority, that could be transferred electronically in a secure, verifiable and immutable way. It is a decentralized peer-to-peer internet currency making mobile payment easy, very low transaction fees, protects your identity, and it works anywhere all the time with no central authority and banks. Bitcoin is design to have only 21 million BTC ever created, thus making it a deflationary currency. Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 hashing algorithm with an average transaction confirmation time of 10 minutes. Miners today are mining Bitcoin using ASIC chip dedicated to only mining Bitcoin, and the hash rate has shot up to peta hashes. Being the first successful online cryptography currency, Bitcoin has inspired other alternative currencies such as Litecoin, Peercoin, Primecoin, and so on. The cryptocurrency then took off with the innovation of the turing-complete smart contract by Ethereum which led to the development of other amazing projects such as EOS, Tron, and even crypto-collectibles such as CryptoKitties.
Insolar is a global technology company building public and private blockchain solutions on the Insolar Blockchain Platform, which is a reportedly secure, flexible, and scalable blockchain for business. Insolar Blockchain Platform is a solution which streamlines interactions between companies. The platform’s key features, as described by the team, are unlimited scalability, security, simplified development, interoperability, user protection, and regulatory compliance. The Insolar team consists of 70 people (of which 45 are engineers and researchers) in 5 countries, including the US and Switzerland. The team utilizes the knowledge of engineers and industry veterans to help organizations explore blockchain use cases and tackle technological, operational, and strategic risks.